Fiano

 

Synonym: Latino, Fiore Mendillo, Fiana o Foiana, Santa Sofia, Latina Bianca, Minuculato.

 

Commonly mistaken for: none.

                                                                    

Origin: Historical vine has been cultivated since the times of the Romans, probably its origins are of the zone of Lapio, to east of Avellino in Campania (near Naples). Its name "Fiano" derives from the word Appiano (variety of apple cultivated in the zone of Avellino). In the XII century was introduced in the region of Puglia, where still now is an important variety.

 

Agronomic and environmental aspects: It has a preference for deep soils, friable, fresh and of volcanic origin; however, it can be adapted to different typologies of soil with good results. It is suitable for different training systems.  In the limited area of Italy, the traditional vertically trained system is used.

 

Diseases, pests and disorders: Susceptible to downy and powdery mildew, especially in flowering.

 

Description:

Growing Tip: fully open, cottony, of whitish colour.   

Leaf: medium of blade, orbicular, 3-lobed or 5-lobed. Has a U or V-shaped petiolar sinus, lateral sinuses shaped like a closed lyre with lobes slightly overlapped. The profile is flat without hairs on the upper surface, and with very dense hairs on the other surface.

Bunch: medium-small, of pyramidal form, with one developed wing, medium density.   

Berry: of medium dimensions, elliptic; skin of gilded yellow colour with flecks of amber, thick, slightly covered by bloom.

 

Vegetation growth habit:

semi-erect

Vigour:

high 

Average bunch weight:

medium-small (70-150 g.)

Average bunches per shoot:

1 to 2

 

Growth Stages:

Time of budburst:

medium

Time of flowering:

medium

Time of veraison:

medium

Time of harvest:

medium

 

Available Clones:

 

-          Fiano VCR 3:Click here to see growth stage photosVine characterized by medium vigour and productivity, small bunches with loose density of berries.

 

Maturity Results:

Vintage 2005

Fiano VCR 3

30/01/05

9/02/05

18/02/05

23/02/05

2/03/05

9/03/05

10/03/05

Baumè

8.60

10.40

10.80

11.70

12.30

12.00

12.00

pH

2.97

3.12

3.21

3.14

3.26

3.32

3.24

T.A.

14.40

10.13

8.40

8.55

7.73

6.83

7.05

 

Wine characteristics:

Wine is straw-yellow in colour, fresh, dry, harmonious; pleasant and with a special scent. Can make very aristocratic wines that develop well with ageing. The wine made from the grapes of this variety is usually blended with grape of Greco di Tufo, Coda di Volpe or Trebbiano in the DOC Cilento or this variety can also used to make a wine in purity in the DOC Fiano di Avellino.