Synonym: Garganega di Gambellara, Garganega Comune, Ora, D’oro, Grecanico.
Commonly mistaken for: Gargania o Gargana, Terlano.
Origin: Probably its origins are Greek, introduced to Italy, famous since the 14th Century in the zones near Bologna and Padova for appreciated wine (Pier de Crescenzi 1495). It is mainly grown around Vicenza, Verona and Colli Euganei; also in Sicily a variety called Grecanica is considered to be almost identical to Garganega. This variety is not very homogeneous, in fact used to be divided into “masculina” and “femmina”, within this variability there were groups of individuals so different both in vegetative and reproductive organs that they gave different names to the various biotypes (Garganega biforcuta, G. frastagliata, G. rossa, G. grossa).
Agronomic and environmental aspects: It has a preference for deep and fertile soil, and it needs better exposure. The vines require wide training systems (tendone and pergola) and log pruning in cooler regions, while in the warmer regions spur pruning can be used and it is considered to be suitable for full mechanization.
Diseases, pests and disorders: Shows a good resistance to most common diseases. Susceptible to sour bunch rot and stem necrosis.
Growing Tip: half-open, cottony, of whitish green colour with reddish edges.
Leaf: medium-large surface area, 3-lobed or 5-lobed. Has a U or V-shaped petiolar sinus, lateral sinuses shaped like a V with lobes strongly overlapped. The profile is undulating with hairs on the upper surface.
Bunch: large, of cylindrical-pyramidal form, with one developed wing, loose density of berries.
Berry: of medium dimensions, round or slightly oblate; thin skin, lightly covered by bloom, of yellow colour with reflexes of amber, juicy pulp with neutral taste. [1.22 g, vintage 2005]
Wine is straw-yellow in colour, with golden glints, slender bodied, fresh, well-balanced in tannins and acids and is very fragrant. With a good preservation in “fruttaio” (semi-dried) a very good muscatel (vinsanto, a dessert wine) and sparking wine can be obtained. This variety is one of the most important in the DOC Soave, Gambellara and Colli Euganei; in some DOCG Recioto di Soave.