Montepulciano

 

Photo taken from 'Vitigni d’Italia.' (see references)

Synonym: Cordisco, Sangiovese Cordisco, Torre dei Passeri, Uva Abruzzese, Primaticcio, Montepulciano d’Abruzzzo, Morellone.

 

Commonly mistaken for: Sangiovese, Primitivo.

 

Origin: The origins of this variety are a mystery although probably its name comes from the Tuscan town “Montepulciano” in the province of Siena, where it possible to find a famous wine DOCG: Nobile di Montepulciano, but it is made from Sangiovese grapes (called in that area: Prugnolo gentile), not by the homonym variety. The same error has been made since 1906, in fact the Italian viticulturist Molon inserted it in the Sangiovese Family (Sangioveti). Results from recent genetic analysis show that these varieties are completely extraneous and would propose a Greek origin of the vine. It is mostly cultivated in areas of Central Italy, especially in the Abruzzo and Marche regions; it is even grow in New Zealand (Marlborough).

 

Agronomic and environmental aspects: It can be adapted to different types of soil with good results, prefers fresh, deep and medium calcareous-clay soils with good exposure; it grows well at moderately high elevations inland, but in Italy is mostly planted near costal areas. The yield is good and constant. The vines require medium training systems and spur pruning, such as VSP (double and single cordon), which can give good results, a summer pruning and a thinning of bunches is advisable to avoid possible attacks of botrytis and improve the quality of fruits.

 

Diseases, pests and disorders: Slightly susceptible to powdery mildew; good resistance to botrytis and downy mildew. It can sometimes show the physiological alteration: “hen and chicken”. Having a late time of budburst it can escape the spring frosts.

 

Description:

Growing tip: fully open, cottony, of light green colour with slightly purplish red edges.   

Leaf: medium size, pentagonal, 5-lobed. Has a closed lyre shaped petiolar sinus; lateral superior sinuses are sometimes very deep and closed U-shaped with lobes strongly overlapped, while inferior can be an open U- shape. The profile is flat or slightly undulated with revolute lobes.

Bunch: medium size, of conical or cylindrical-conical form, semi-compact or compact, winged and with a short peduncle.  

Berry: medium size and sub-ovate; skin is thick and strong, of purplish black colour, covered with a lot of bloom.

 

Vegetation growth habit:

semi-erect

Vigour:

medium

Average bunch weight:

medium (200-260 g.)

Average bunches per shoot:

2

 

Growth Stages:

Time of budburst:

medium-late

Time of flowering:

medium-late  

Time of veraison:

medium   

Time of harvest:

late

 

Available Clones:

-          MAT 2: Selected by Matura Group, Italy. The clone is still in experimental stages.

 

Wine characteristics:

The wine can be made in several different styles: deep, rich in colour, full bodied or young and light; but always characterized by a intense ruby red colour, vinous and fruity perfume, not overly tannic, with good alcohol and it becomes mature with short ageing, acquiring high value fragrances and aromas. It is used in several DOC of the Marche region (Esino, Rosso Conero, Rosso Picenoi); Abruzzo (Controguerra, Montepulciano d’Abruzzo); Umbria (Colli Amerini, Colli Martani, Lago di Corbara, Offida, Orvietano Rosso) and others DOC: Molise, Bifero, Castel del Monte, San Severo etc. Montepulciano can also be made with a white wine method to make a good rosé.