Synonym: Pavan, Pelosetta, Visentina, Ussulara, Vicentina, Visentina, Visentinina, Nera Gentile di Fonzaso, Nostrana Nera.
Commonly mistaken for: Marzemino Nero.
Origin: The first news of this cultivated vine in the Valsugana and in the outskirts of Trento is furnished by Acerbi (1825). Subsequently also Di Rovasenda (1877) quotes a cultivated Pavana nera to Udine. From the vast bibliography it results that the Pavana was cultivated in the various provinces of Veneto, losing in the time importance up to limit its cultivation in some vineyards of the oriental Trentino and Belluno. In 1954 it is not even mentioned by the committee “Viticolo of Trento” among the vines used for the production of wine. It generally belongs to the group of the Schiave lombarda e Turca with which shares the oriental origins.
Agronomic and environmental aspects: The production is good and constant.
Diseases, pests and disorders: Has good tolerance to principal diseases and especially to powdery mildew. Good resistance to spring frosts, even if sensitive to the winter cold.
Growing Tip: cottony, of white/greenish colour with copper (bronze tones) edges.
Leaf: of medium dimensions, pentagonal, 3 or 5-lobed. Has a V-shaped petiolar sinus some times with overlapped edges, superior and inferior side sinuses are open U-shaped. The upper surface has edges bended downward.
Cluster: medium, pyramidal form with one or two wings, semi-compact.
Berry: of medium dimensions, round (circular, globular), with waxy bloom; thick and consistent skin, of purplish/blue colour.
- Pavana Chalmers : Clone selected in Italy by Matura Group. Must characterized by a high acidity.
Wine is red ruby in colour, low alcohol, acidic, tannic, light bodied; usually blended with other varieties for the small productions in some families of the Valsugana region.