Synonym: Vermentina Nera.
Commonly mistaken for: none.
Origin: The black Vermentino is of unknown origin and precise indications are not found in the references used to compile this information. The ampelografic characteristics are similar to those of the white Vermentino; therefore, it could be one ancestral mutation of it.
It could be held native of the coastal hills in northern Tuscany where it has been cultivated for long time. Probably it is native of the province of Massa Carrara and Lunigiana. In 1881 the Commissione Ampelografica of Massa brings a first description of it in the Ampelografic Bulletin, but only in 1964 it is carefully described and in 1970 it is inscribed in The National Catalogue of the Italian Varieties.
Agronomic and environmental aspects: The production is good and constant, some times abundant.
Diseases, pests and disorders: Intermediately resistant to the common diseases and to the climatic adversities.
Growing Tip: expanded, cottony, of white/ yellowish colour with reddish edges.
Leaf: of medium-large dimensions, pentagonal, 3 or 5-lobed. Has a U-shaped petiolar sinus, superior side sinuses shaped like a lyre or a V, sometimes with overlapped edges, while inferior are like a V. The upper surface is plain or slightly undulated, and it bends downward. Green petiole with purplish tones.
Cluster: large dimensions (can be long 300mm and weighing 400g), pyramidal, semi-compact.
Berry: of medium-large dimensions, spherical, with waxy bloom, medium thick skin, of blue colour.
Wine is red ruby in colour, medium body, fresh, well-balanced. Cultivated in Tuscan provinces: Massa Carrara and Lucca. It appears in an only one DOC: Colli di Luni.